L1. Nursing care in cardiovascular area. IP: Ana Rosa Alzonero. Contributors: Víctor Fradejas. Silvia González.
Research on the impact of gender on coronary disease stands out. The contributions in this sense make it possible to specify the treatment more effectively and to establish preventive measures aimed at the female group. It is a pioneering research in our country, also led by a nurse.
L2. Care in aging and dementias. IP Carmen Sarabia Cobo.
This line is especially productive with several contributions such as:
The validation in Spanish of the ICECAP-O questionnaire assessing quality of life, adapted to the population with institutionalized dementia. This instrument has special relevance because it is simple but provides valuable information about the quality of life of the people and can be answered by caregivers, something decisive in the advanced stages of dementia.
Also noteworthy is the research in the elderly population and with slight Cognitive Impairment regarding the emotional processing of Emotional Facial Expressions. The most important contribution is that this is one of the first studies carried out that values that the most prodromal phases of dementia affect the recognition of facial expressions, something little studied until now. This fact opens an important door to research on communication with these patients as well as the role that cognitive processing plays in emotional processing during dementias.
Another important contribution is the use of new mechanisms in the improvement of stress and burnout in professionals and caregivers of people with dementia, a group with high stress rates. First-time use of the Heart Coherence technique in professionals and caregivers for managing and managing stress has contributed to improving their quality of life and indirectly improving the care they provide. On the other hand the use of this technique has shown to have longitudinal effects maintained in the time being easy and simple to apply.
L3. Social networks and health. IP Rosario Fernández.
Particularly important are the work related to the study of personal networks in health, a very little explored area at the national level. The contributions of the group allow a better understanding of the networks of social support of family caregivers contributing to improve the support that should be provided at the professional level. This line especially highlights the study of personal networks and health-related quality of life.
L4. Chronicity, dependency, caregivers. IP Carmen Ortego. Contributors: Carmen Sarabia, Rosario Fernández, M Jesus Durá, Rebeca Abajas, Francisco Amo).
This line has just been opened thanks to funding from the University of Cantabria in a competitive national call for emerging research groups. The funded project will work with chronicity and caregivers in Primary Care through interventions based on advanced practice nursing.
L5. Care in relation to nutrition. IP M Jesus Durá Ros. Contributors: Carmen Sarabia Cobo, Rebeca Abajas, Francisco Amo.
The main contribution of this line has been a joint project with the University of Bradfrod (work pending publication) relating the impact of stress on eating habits. Collaboration will also be initiated in a nationally funded competitive project of the Department of Chemistry of the UC on the wastage of nutrients in human food consumption.
L6. Teaching, educational innovation and scientific dissemination. IP Carmen Sarabia. Contributors: Ana Rosa Alconero, Silvia Gonázlez, María Sáenz.
We have led for the first time in Spain the study of the application of clinical simulation in training in palliative care, carrying out the creation and validation of the first battery of tests aimed at assessing satisfaction with own learning in nursing students in our country. Research in teaching methodologies is becoming relevant in nursing faculties worldwide, especially in the application of new technologies such as clinical simulation. We have also carried out the Spanish validation of the test. On the other hand, regarding the use of new educational methodologies, our group stands out as the most productive in Online Massive and Open Online Courses (MOOCS) related to Clinical Safety and psychosocial skills at the Spanish speaking level, with more than 200,000 students enrolled in their courses in The MiriadaX Platform, having received a prize for the best MOOC course in 2014 (Potencia tu mente course).
The MOOC courses contribute in a remarkable way to the scientific dissemination in the area of health, having been cataloged by Universia, our courses as the ones with the greatest media impact on health in 2015 and 2016.
L7. Medical-surgical nursing and patient safety. IP María Sáenz Jalón. Collaborate with Carmen Sarabia
Our group has developed the first global study led by nurses to assess the impact of the LOOP ischemia technique versus the traditional method in upper limb surgery, obtaining the second National Nursing Research Award from HUMV in 2012. The LOOP technique is Safer and more effective for patients and our study has been presented at various Traumatology congresses, leading to its implementation by different hospitals nationwide.
Another outstanding line of our team is to have carried out the second largest study in patients on the characteristics and morbidity factors in hip fracture in elderly people in our country. This study, in the process of publication, will benefit patients by highlighting the major risk factors associated with surgery (as demonstrated by the use of anticoagulants, which has been scarcely investigated to date). Also noteworthy is another pioneering research in our country, within the clinical safety in the surgical field, as is the unnecessary study of surgical doors during the interventions. This study, carried out in collaboration with engineers, will determine the causes, times and reasons for opening doors with the consequent commitment of clinical safety of the patient during the intervention. The study will allow posteriori to carry out educational interventions with the professionals of the operating room to sensitize to a problem not very visible, according to the literature.
L8. Application of Artificial Intelligence to the field of Nursing.
IP Raquel Sarabia Lavín. Collaborators: Paula Parás, Eduardo Vázquez.
Nursing as a profession, is not exempt from the changes and transformations originated by the use of emerging technologies, or the influence they have and will have about its development. Specifically, the technologies based on Artificial Intelligence are having a great impact in the world of health. The conjunction of these technologies in Nursing will allow us to build intelligent, autonomous systems with the capacity to prediction that help in their day to day, both professionals and patients. The objective is not to replace the human character of nursing, since we consider that the
Technology and humanism are complementary elements in health care general and specifically in nursing care.
This group has recently collaborated in the definition and development of an application mobile and web, which provides an intelligent system for the prevention of ulcers by pressure (UPP). The project, aimed at helping and guiding non-professional caregivers in the basic care, provides a tool to prevent, patients at risk of suffer from UPP, suffer this important ailment. The project called "Smart UPP" has been one of the projects supported through the SODERCAN program I + C = + C 2016 of support for R & D projects in the field of ICT (Ref. TI16-IN-026). In addition, since the application of these technologies brings legal obligations with In relation to the protection, treatment and exploitation of personal data, there is a researchers specialized in the legal framework that regulates these legal aspects.